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通州市2005-2006学年(下)校际联考

高一期中历史试卷(B)

(考试时间120分钟,满分150分)

 命题人:通州市石港中学  王迎春

注意:本试卷分第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷,第Ⅰ卷为选择题,请用2B铅笔将答案填涂到答题卡上,第Ⅱ卷为非选择题,请在答题纸上作答。

第Ⅰ卷(选择题   共66分)

试题详情

通州市2005---2006学年度(下)校际联考

高一期中历史试卷(A)

命题人  江苏省西亭高级中学   徐 育

 

说明:本试卷由第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分组成。本试卷满分150分。考试时间120分钟。请将第一卷各题的答案用2B铅笔填涂到答题卡上,第二卷在答卷纸上答题。

第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共66分)

试题详情

通州市2005-2006学年(下)高一期中调研测试

英语试卷B

(考试时间120分钟,满分150分)

 

说明:本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)。请将第I卷选择题的答案用2B铅笔填涂到答题卡上,第II卷直接在本卷上答题。交卷时只交第II卷和答题卡。

 

第I卷(三部分,共105分)

 

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What are the two speakers going to do?

A. Take their final examination.                               

B. Have a party.           

C. Pay a visit to a place.

 2. Why does the man call the police?

A. A fire broke out in the street.             

B. There was a traffic accident in the street.

    C. There was a fight in the street.

 3. Why is Mike so happy?

A. He has got a letter from his family.                   

B. He has seen his girl friend.

    C. He has passed his examination.

 4. When will the train arrive?

    A. At 9:45.                           B. At 10:00.                   C. At 10:15.

 5. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Boss and secretary.         

B. Teacher and student.      

C. Librarian and borrower.

    

第二节  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应的位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段材料,回答第6至7题。

6. When will the party be held?

      A. At 7:30 pm.                         B. At 7:00 pm.                C. At 8:00 pm.

 7. What does the woman ask the man to do?

A. Drive his car to her home.     B. Buy her something.         C. Go for a walk with her.

 

听下面一段材料,回答第8至10题。

8. What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Husband and wife.             B. Mother and son.          C. Friends.

9. Why didn’t the man go to the south?

      A. It is too hot there.                            

B. He has been to the south many times.

      C. It is too far away.

10. What did the woman do for her holiday?

      A. She went back to her hometown.        

B. She went to the south.

      C. She stayed home and did some reading.

 

听下面一段材料,回答第11至13题。

11. What does the man ask the woman to do?

    A. Repair the computer.        B. Attend a meeting.                 C. Type a report.

12. Why can’t the woman help the man?

A. She is too busy right now.                 

B. The computer went wrong.

    C. She doesn’t feel very well right now.

13. What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Teacher and student.      B. Friends.                      C. Boss and secretary.

 

听下面一段材料,回答第14至16题。

14. Where does the conversation probably take place?

      A. In a hotel.                   B. In a shop.                     C. In a restaurant.

15. Which floor will the man stay on?

     A. The fourth floor.                     B. The third floor.             C. The sixth floor.

16. How much should the man pay for two nights?

      A. 300 dollars.                      B. 160 dollars.                 C. 80 dollars.

   

听下面一段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What is the speaker’s opinion about sports and games?

    A. They have a bad effect on a child’s studies.

    B. They are not good for one’s health.

    C. They are useful for character training.

 18. Why is an ordinary day school unable to give pupils much training for their future lives?

    A. Pupils there are too fond of playing.

    B. Pupils there have to spend most of their time studying.

    C. Teachers there are not so good.

 19. What can help to develop the child’s love of his country according to the speaker?

    A. Teachers’ encouragement.     B. Collective activities.        C. Book knowledge.

 20. What is the topic of the passage?

    A. Sports and games.                  B. Sports and books.           C. Schools and sports.

 

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. Never stay out ______ late, or you won’t be allowed to go out in the evening anymore.

   A. this                    B. very                        C. far            D. even

22. He _______ from the looks that the students were bored though they were listening politely.

   A. recognized             B. understood        C. sensed         D. fell

23. “_______!” she shouted, but it was too late; she has fallen from the ladder.

   A. See out              B. Notice out          C. Glance out      D. Watch out

24. Still unaware (神志不清), she was able to give the police an accurate _____ about her robbery.

   A. description            B. explanation        C. excuse        D. cause

25. Whatever excuse you have, I think ______ wrong to cheat in the exam.

   A. that                  B. he’s              C. it             D. this

26. I will ______ some students to help you if you need any.

   A. make                   B. get                  C. have          D. let

27. The old man has two sons, one of whom has become a doctor, the other ______ a farmer.

   A. remains                B. keeps             C. leads          D. works

28. The ______ idea of going abroad for further study delighted him the whole night.

   A. right                    B. straight           C. direct          D. very

29. Some students lose marks in the exam _______ because they don’t read the questions properly.

   A. lonely                B. likely             C. simply          D. similarly

30. _______ the ozone hole over Antarctica is getting bigger and bigger in the past few years.

   A. It’s well known that                          B. As is well known that

   C. What is well known                            D. It’s well known

31. He said he could _______ there to be a rain this week.

   A. hope                  B. expect              C. wish          D. predict

32. China was once ruled by many different groups, ______ caused many wars.

   A. they                    B. as                   C. what          D. which

33. I feel sorry for her, but the fact remains _____ she lied to the company.

   A. that                  B. whether             C. if             D. what

34. The situation is rather difficult _______ we have two leaders, we can’t decide who we should follow.

   A. only that              B. with that            C. in that         D. for that

35. The Attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941 led to the US _______ into the WW2.

   A. come                  B. coming                C. came          D. would come

 

第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Tuesday  October 5th, l99--                    fine

    I’m sitting on a rock near the river with my friends. Our guide is cooking supper --- I can   36   it.

    We are having a wonderful time. I am in the middle of this great   37   in South America. We   38   travel through the forest by road, so we have to travel by air or boat. We are  39 

our boat trip very much. At night we   40   the boat to a big tree by the river bank near a village.

Our guide buys some food from the   41   and we cook it ourselves Sometimes we eat chicken, eggs, birds or monkeys. I think it is wrong to eat monkeys, so I don’t   42  .   43   of the time we eat fish.

All night long we can   44   the strange sounds of wild birds and animals. There are parrots, too. In the evening, I love sitting by the fire and playing my guitar.

It is   45   to swim in the river. This afternoon I was just about to go swimming   46  luckily our guide saw me and shouted at me. He   47   that   48   are dangerous fish in the river. The fish have very sharp   49  ; they can eat a person   50   two minutes,   51   only the bones.

Last week we started our trip across this country. After spending the weekend in the capital we took a taxi to the   52  . Then we took off and flew over a part of the forest. What a   53   sight it was! For miles and miles I could see   54   except a great fire and lots of   55  .

36. A. smell                      B. taste                           C. hear            D. feel

37. A. village              B. forest               C. river            D. boat

38. A. won’t             B. can’t               C. needn’t          D. shouldn’t

39. A. liking              B. preferring           C. enjoying         D. hating

40. A. take                B. carry               C. put             D. tie

41. A. villagers           B. store               C. shop            D. company

42. A. eat                 B. catch               C. take              D. try

43. A. Many             B. Much              C. Most            D. Almost

44. A. see                 B. hear               C. watch             D. feel

45. A. dirty              B. fun                C. dangerous       D. interesting

46. A. while               B. as                 C. until          D. when

47. A. explained          B. told                C. declared       D. claimed

48. A. they                B. there             C. those         D. here

49. A. claw              B. paw               C. teeth              D. head

50. A. in                B. for                C. by              D. at

51. A. keeping             B. leaving           C. throwing         D. remaining

52. A. seaport            B. airport             C. harbor        D. ferry

53. A. sad               B. surprise            C. happy            D. exciting

54. A. everything         B. something          C. anything         D. nothing

55. A. smoke              B. water             C. air              D. cloud

 

第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分, 满分40分)

    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

World Cultural Heritage in China

    In July 2003, the Three Parallel Rivers in Yunnan Province, the Ming Tombs of Beijing Municipality and the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum of Nanjing were added to the World Heritage List of Cultural Sites as part of Ming and Qing Imperial Mausoleums. (See Land and Natural Resources chapter for China’s World Heritage List of Natural Sites.) By the end of 2003, there were 29 World Heritage Sites in China, of which 21 were cultural heritage sites, 4 were natural sites and 4 cultural and natural sites. In 2004, China will make the first large-scale renovations on six world cultural heritage sites in Beijing - the Ming Tombs, the Great Wall, the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, the Summer Palace, and "Peking Man" Ruins at Zhoukoudian, which will be completed before 2008 as planned. Apart from that, China has a rich non-material cultural heritage, one of the richest in the world. Kunqu Opera and the art of playing the guqin, a seven-stringed zither, are among UNESCO’s list of masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. UNESCO also designated 2002-2003 as the year to celebrate the millennial anniversary of the Chinese Tibetan epic King Gesar, the longest epic in the world.

World Heritage List of Chinese Cultural Sites

56. By the end of 2003, China had altogether _______ World Heritage Sites.

   A. 29                B. 8             C. 21              D. 4

57. Six Beijing World Heritage programs should be completed before _______ according to the plan.

     A. 2002              B. 2004          C. 2006            D. 2008

58. ______ were China’s first non-material cultural heritage by now.

     A. Ming Tombs and Ming Qing Imperial Mausoleums

B. Long Tune Music of Mongolia

     C. Chinese Tibetan epic of King Gesar                      

D. Kunqu opera and guqin

59. According to the passage, Mount Taishan may belong to world ______ heritage.

     A. cultural                                       B. natural          

C. non-material                                   D. both A and B

 

Sweet smells banish pain

    The sweet smells of roses or almonds(桃树) could take some of the pain out of your stay in hospital. But only if you’re a woman.

Serge Marchand and Pierre Arsenault at the University of Québec in Abitibi-Témiscamingue asked 20 men and 20 women to keep their hand in painfully hot water for as long as they could while smelling various smells. When given pleasant smells such as almond extract to sniff, the women experienced significantly less pain. Foul smells such as vinegar and durians seemed to slightly intensify (加强) their pain. However, the pain felt by the men was not affected by the smells.

Both men and women reported feeling happier in the presence of good smells, while bad smells put them in a worse mood. But this effect on the emotions can’t change the women’s perception(认知能力)of pain. If so, the men should have responded in the same way.

Women are typically more sensitive to smells than men. But this also can’t explain why only women feel the pain-relief benefits, because the women in the study didn’t rate the intensity (强度) of smells differently from the men.

More at: Physiology and Behavior (vol 76, p 251)

60. According to the passage, which of the following is not true?

   A. Why women are more sensitive to smells isn’t made clear.

   B. Altogether 40 persons were tested whether pleasant smells reduce pain.

   C. The reason why women experienced less pain is that they didn’t rate intensity of smells.

   D. Good smells put both men and women in a good mood.

61. The underlined word “Foul” in Paragraph 2 may mean ______.

   A. unpleasant          B. unfair           C. dirty          D. painful

62. The passage might be of/ from _________.

   A. a news report                          B. a diary entry

   C. an experiment                          D. a story

63. Which of the following is correct about “this effect” (in paragraph 3)?

   A. Both good and bad smells put man and women in bad mood.

   B. Both good and bad smells put man and women in good mood.

   C. It’s what changes the women’s perception.

   D. It’s what changes the men’s perception.

C

When you watch TV programs about wild animals, it is amazing to see how antelope can escape a lion’s attack. In the wilderness, everyone as a stunt (绝招). Even plants have their own ways of fighting off enemies.

64. What do you think would be next discussed in the text?

     A. Animal world.                           B. Human and nature.

     C. People’s stunt                            D. Plants’ stunt

Doctors in Zhongshan County brought back to life a heart patient whose breathing had stopped for more than three hours and whose heart had stopped beating for an hour and five minutes,

   Nanfang Ribao reports that Chen Guanfen, a 21-year-old woman who has suffered from an irregular(不规则的) heartbeat since 1980, is now in good condition after the July 10 heart attack.

China Daily, Aug 6, 1983

65. Decide which is the correct order to describe what happened in the story?

   a. doctors helped the patient           b. the patient’s breathing stopped

   c. the patient’s heart stopped beating    d. the patient suffered from an irregular heartbeat

   e. the patient had a heart attack         f. the patient was in good condition

     A. d,e,b,c,a,f                                      B. d,a,f,e,,b,c    

C. f,d,e,b,c,a                                       D. f,b,c,a,d,e

 

The following set of pictures explains what happens at a lock (船闸) when a ship goes through it. Look at the pictures carefully and decide what the right order is.

66. The correct order is ________.

   A.c,d,b,f,e,a        B. a,e,f,b,d,c      C. e,f,d,c,b,a        D. c,b,a,e,f,d

UNESCO World Heritage List

The following properties have been approved by the World Heritage Committee to be included on UNESCO’s World Heritage List. The list currently contains 812 different properties as of July, 2005.

If you know of any web links that can be added to this list, please let me know. email: lynn@thesalmons.org

See the new zoom able world map of the sites and click on the individual markers for more information or switch to the satellite image.

67. If you want to know whether the Mogao Caves is UNESCO World Heritage, you can _____.

     A. e-mail to lynn@thesalmons.org                 

B. refer to UNESCO World Heritage List

     C. see the new zoom able world map          

D. read the history books

 

The importance of body language

When we connect with a person, we also have to make it clear to each other how the content of a spoken message needs to be made clear. Often words are inadequate for this purpose. For instance we do not tell each other that easily how we feel about each other, or how the words of a message need to be made clear. To make the meaning of our words clear we use body language. It is a language without spoken words and is therefore called non verbal communication. We use body language all the time, looking someone in the eyes means something different than not looking someone in the eyes.

Usually body language occurs unconsciously. Yet the body language we use decides the quality of our communication. It follows that therefore it would be good to become aware of our own and others’ body language. We can learn to use our body language for a purpose. As well as learn to understand body language of others. It is important to note that body language has different meanings in different cultures. How we can interpret body language depends on the situation, the culture, the relationship we have with the person as well as the gender of the other. This means that there is not one signal that has the same meaning all over the world. If you do not take this into account you may get yourself in some serious trouble! Body language is also interlinked with spoken language and a whole pattern of behavior from a person. Some groups have developed a whole specific body language which can be very open in its meaning and is used to communicate where the use of words may otherwise be difficult or dangerous. Examples of this are mostly groups, such as gay people, people in slavery, prisoners, etc. who have a history of prejudice against them from the dominant culture on.

68. The word “inadequate in the first paragraph means ________.

   A. not enough          B. not just         C. not fair        D. not pure

69. The non verbal communication in the first paragraph refers to _________.

     A. body language                                        B. spoken language 

C. oral language                                             D. written language

70. How we understand body language is linked to _________.

   ①situation       ②culture       ③ relationship      ④ gender

   A. ①②               B. ①②③        C. ①③④       D. ①②③④

71. According to the second part of the passage, which of the following is wrong?

   A. The body language is different in meaning in different cultures.

   B. One signal can express different meaning in different countries.

   C. You may fall into trouble if you ignore the meaning of the gestures in communication.

   D. Body language is not linked to spoken language or behavior.

 

E

Roman legend (传说) says that Rome was built by Romulus and Remus, who were twin brothers. Their grandfather was Numitor, who was the king of an ancient Italian city. Numitor’s brother Amulius overthrew (推翻) him and became the new king. When the twin brothers were born, Amulius put them into a basket and threw them into the river for fear that they would grow up and take power from him.

The two brothers were saved and cared for by a she-wolf. The wolf fed the babies on her own milk. Later, they were found by a shepherd (牧羊人) who looked after them. When the twin brothers discovered the truth about their family, they killed Amulius and built a new city of their own. The brothers fought over who should be the ruler of the city, and Romulus killed Remus, so Rumulus became the first King of Rome.

   Actually, the building of Rome dates back to the early days of civilization. The Romans believed that their city was founded in the year 753BC and grew from a village. At that time, this city was ruled by kings. Then, the Romans drove the kings away and set up the Roman Republic around 509BC. In 27 BC, the Roman Republic fell and the Roman Empire was founded. Augustus became the first emperor. Throughout its history, Rome was ruled by different people, the most famous of which was Julius Caesar. The month July was named after him.

 

72. Amulius put his two sons in the basket and threw them into the river, for he was afraid _____.

   A. they would grow up                        B. they would take power off him

   C. they would kill each other                   D. they would go to the she-wolf

73. As the story goes, _____ first in fact ruled Rome?

   A. Numitor.           B. Amulius.        C. Romulus.          D. Augustus

74. Choose the correct order of the following events.

   a. the city was founded                    b. the Roman Republic was set up  

c. the Roman drove their kings away         d. Roman Empire was founded

   A. a-c-b-d             B. a-b-c-d         C. c-d-a-b            D. b-c-d-a

75. The best title of this passage might be _________.

   A. The Twin Brothers                     B. How Rome Was Built

   C. The She-wolf Cared for the Twins         D. The Famous Roman Rulers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第II卷 (共45分)

第四部分  写作(共4节,满分45分)

第一节  根据句子的意思和首字母提示,在空白处填上语法和意义都正确的词。(每小题1分,满分5分)

1. I looked for my MP3 player here and there, but it was n__________ to be found.

2. In 1399, Henry IV, whose mother t________ was English, used English for all official occasions.

3. --- Let me know if you ever need any help.

  --- L_________.

4. --- Whenever I come home, my pet dog is always waiting at the door.

  --- You mean he can recognize your f_________?

5. He continued to work for the company even though not s__________ with the pay.

 

第二节  选择下面文本框中所给动词,并用其正确形式填空。(每小题1分,满分5分)

include, find, live, cry, run

 

1. What about all the people ________ in the world who have no food to eat and no room

to live?

2. I went back to the cinema to look for my keys, only _________ it closed.

3. When she realized that someone had taken her doll, the little girl could not help _______.

4. The driver kept his engine _________ when the police stopped him.

5. Modern English that began in the 16th century ________ many Latin and Greek words.

 

第三节  单句改错(共10题,每小题1分,满分10分)

此题要求改正所给句子的错误。对标有题号的每个句子作出判断,并按下列情况改正。

此句多一词:将多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边的横线上写出该单词,并也用斜线划掉。

    此句缺一词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边的横线上写出该加的单词。

    此句错一词:在错词处下划一横线,在该行右边的横线上写出改正后的单词。

1. What the doorman remembered their names surprised them a lot.                       ________

2. We talked excitedly about we would spend our holiday on the beach.                  ________

3. The reason he gave it for his being late sounded unreasonable.                                   ________

4. On hearing the cries for help, he rushed out, left the lights on.                                  ________

5. The rest of the students were not interested in the poems the teacher taught them. ________

6. The family love volleyball has moved to our town.                                           ________

7. The earthquake resulted from great losses, both in terms of property and

human lives.                                                                                               ________

8. There is no wonder that he knows so much about it. He has studied the

  subject for years.                                                                                                  ________

9. By the end of 9th century, we now call Old English came into being.                  _________

10. One type of shark attack is known for a “hit and run”.                                           _________

 

第四节  书面表达(共25分)

近期,中学聘请外籍教师之风愈演愈烈,请你结合下表对其利弊发表自己的观点。

好处

1. 提高学校的知名度。

2. 提高学习英语的兴趣,口语表达能力增强。

3. 更好地了解外国文化。

弊端

1. 一些外国人难以适应我国的生活方式,甚至担心自己的安全。

2. 外国人不了解中国学生的特点。

自己的观点

(适当发挥)

 

注意:1. 词数:100左右                        2. 短文应包括表中所有要点

3. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯             4. 开头及结尾已给出

Several years ago, when a foreigner appeared in China, many people would gather around and stared at him or her as if they were watching a rare animal.

However, it’s not uncommon to meet some foreigners even in middle schools now.

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

                                                                            

 

试题详情

通州市2005-2006学年(下)高一期中调研测试

英语试卷A

(考试时间120分钟,满分150分)

 

说明:本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)。请将第I卷选择题的答案用2B铅笔填涂到答题卡上,第II卷直接在本卷上答题。交卷时只交第II卷和答题卡。

 

第I卷(三部分,共105分)

 

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What are the two speakers going to do?

    A. Take their final examination.

B. Have a party.            

C. Pay a visit to a place.

 2. Why does the man call the police?

    A. A fire broke out in the street.    

    B. There was a traffic accident in the street.

    C. There was a fight in the street.

 3. Why is Mike so happy?

A. He has got a letter from his family.   

B. He has seen his girl friend.

    C. He has passed his examination.

 4. When will the train arrive?

    A. At 9:45.                           B. At 10:00.                   C. At 10:15.

 5. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Boss and secretary.          B. Teacher and student.       C. Librarian and borrower.

    

第二节  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应的位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听下面一段材料,回答第6至7题。

6. When will the party be held?

     A. At 7:30 pm.                          B. At 7:00 pm.                  C. At 8:00 pm.

 7. What does the woman ask the man to do?

A. Drive his car to her home.   B. Buy her something.    C. Go for a walk with her.

 

听下面一段材料,回答第8至10题。

8. What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Husband and wife.      B. Mother and son.          C. Friends.

9. Why didn’t the man go to the south?

      A. It is too hot there.     

B. He has been to the south many times.

      C. It is too far away.

10. What did the woman do for her holiday?

      A. She went back to her hometown.   

B. She went to the south.

      C. She stayed home and did some reading.

 

听下面一段材料,回答第11至13题。

11. What does the man ask the woman to do?

    A. Repair the computer.        B. Attend a meeting.           C. Type a report.

12. Why can’t the woman help the man?

A. She is too busy right now.     

B. The computer went wrong.

    C. She doesn’t feel very well right now.

13. What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Teacher and student.       B. Friends.                      C. Boss and secretary.

 

听下面一段材料,回答第14至16题。

14. Where does the conversation probably take place?

      A. In a hotel.                   B. In a shop.                     C. In a restaurant.

15. Which floor will the man stay on?

     A. The fourth floor.                     B. The third floor.             C. The sixth floor.

16. How much should the man pay for two nights?

      A. 300 dollars.                      B. 160 dollars.                 C. 80 dollars.

   

听下面一段材料,回答第17至20题。

17. What is the speaker’s opinion about sports and games?

    A. They have a bad effect on a child’s studies.

    B. They are not good for one’s health.

    C. They are useful for character training.

 18. Why is an ordinary day school unable to give pupils much training for their future lives?

    A. Pupils there are too fond of playing.

    B. Pupils there have to spend most of their time studying.

    C. Teachers there are not so good.

 19. What can help to develop the child’s love of his country according to the speaker?

    A. Teachers’ encouragement.     B. Collective activities.        C. Book knowledge.

 20. What is the topic of the passage?

    A. Sports and games.                  B. Sports and books.           C. Schools and sports.

     

第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. Surrounded by a few faithful friends, Jenny made a wish before blowing out the birthday candles, with her fingers ________ and her eyes ________.

A. crossing; close                                  B. crossed; closed   

C. crossing; closing                                 D. crossing; closed

22. ---I’m sure that building is on fire.

   ---________.

   ---Well, look at the smoke pouring out from under the roof.

     A. Oh, my god!                                       B. Oh yes, but what to do?   

C. Don’t be silly.                                      D. What if?

23. Our bodies are strengthened by taking exercise. _______, our minds are developed by learning.

     A. Probably            B. Likely        C. Likewise              D. Generally

24. Mrs. Smith warned her husband ________ after drinking a lot.

     A. never to drive      B. to never drive  C. never driving          D. never drive

25. Patience is a kind of quality, and that’s _______ it takes for teachers to do better in their job.

     A. what                  B. that             C. why                   D. how

26. It is ________ any wonder that his friend is absent from the party, for it is raining heavily.

     A. no                    B. such           C. nearly                 D. hardly

27. In my opinion, mathematics _______ fun, but more than 80% of the group _______ agree with me.

     A. are; don’t           B. isn’t; don’t      C. are; doesn’t          D. is; doesn’t

28. ---Won’t you go shopping with your mother?

   ---______ she promises to buy me a new sweater.

     A. Now that            B. In case         C. Unless                D. If

29. You’ve just missed your _______, and you will have to wait for the next round.

     A. chance                      B. turn           C. time                   D. part

30. It was how the young man had learned five foreign languages _______ attracted the audience’s interest.

     A. so that                B. that            C. what                 D. in which

31. The research group _______ five software experts claimed that they had developed a program against the computer virus(病毒).

     A. consists of           B. consisting of    C. consisted of          D. was consisted of

32. ______ he paid a visit to my village, I was only a boy of seven years old.

     A. For the first time                                B. The first time

     C. It was the first time                               D. At the first time

33. The newly-married couple quarreled so much that they reached the point ______ they had to separate from each other.

    A. when                 B. where        C. which                 D. that

34. China is a powerful and peaceful country, _______ many foreigners now prefer to visit.

     A. that                   B. the one       C. where                D. one

35. _______ has been mentioned above, the Chinese government is focusing on constructing (建设) a harmonious society.

    A. It                             B. As               C. That                   D. Which

 

第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

My ears are recently full of joyous remarks from my friends such as, “Oh, Beckham is so handsome, so cool, that I can’t help falling in love with him!” or “What perfect skills he has!” Yeah, I  36   to some degree, though I sometimes do want to   37   them how much they know about Beckham, apart from his   38   and how much they know about football   39   scoring goals. It seems funny that we are   40   for things, with which we are unfamiliar or about which we are   41   but we all, my friends as well as I, consider this one of life’s   42  .

We need these pleasures to  43   our lives. But that doesn’t amount to (等同于) craziness or nonsense. As an old saying   44  : “Don’t judge a book by its cover.” We   45   not judge anything from its appearance. We should all know, it is one’s good character and great   __46  that make one a star and unforgettable. Therefore we’d better say   47   about Beckham’s good looks.

If we close our eyes, falling in deep   48  , we can find that the things that move us to be really happy or sad have a   49   meaning. If we don’t go deeper and are just satisfied with

  50   things, sooner or later we will find that we have not really gained anything because our first __51   has blinded and misled (误导) us, and we’ll remain ignorant (无知的)  52   we realize that and make some changes.

It is believed that thinking and going deeper than before is a   53   of great progress. If one day we are __54__ to go deeper into everything, no matter how much it pains us, we will __55__ prove how much we have grown up, how much more sensible, mature (成熟的), and intelligent (智慧的) we have become.

36. A. expect             B. agree               C. hope               D. think

37. A. ask                B. tell               C. teach               D. doubt

38. A. skills               B. fame              C. team               D. appearance

39. A. beside               B. beyond           C. besides              D. except

40. A. thankful                                       B. crazy                          C. serious         D. anxious

41. A. uncertain                                      B. unhappy                        C. displeased       D. careful

42. A. aims              B. qualities(品质)    C. pleasures            D. truths

43. A. keep up                                       B. brighten up                    C. find out         D. bring about

44. A. turns               B. writes              C. goes                  D. talks

45. A. might             B. would             C. must                D. should

46. A. thinking            B. contribution                                       C. looks           D. wealth

47. A. more               B. something        C. less                  D. nothing

48. A. love                 B. concern          C. sense                D. thought

49. A. clear                B. puzzling          C. moving              D. confusing

50. A. material             B. deep              C. surface              D. pleasant

51. A. influence             B. experience        C. lesson                D. impression

52. A. since                B. although                                          C. unless           D. when

53. A. sign                 B. cause             C. value                 D. willingness

54. A. fearful               B. willing           C. likely                D. possible

55. A. temporarily                              B. personally                                   C. officially           D. eventually

 

第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项A、B、C、D中选出最佳选项。

A

Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus window. “Buy Super Clean Toothpaste.” “Drink Good Wet Root Beer.” “Fill up with Pacific Gas”. Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you free from the unending cry of “You Need It! Buy It Now!”

The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you’ve traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. The bus driver has a style of driving and it’s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. If the driver is particularly reckless (鲁莽的) or daring, the ride can be as thrilling (惊心动魄的) as a suspense (悬疑) story. Will the driver pass the truck in time? Will the driver move into the right or the left hand lane? After a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides more interesting. But you’ve got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops.

The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there’s a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat of course ,has become harder as the hours have passed. By now you’ve sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap ,with your hands on the arm rest even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at no more ways to sit.

 

56. According to the passage, what do the passengers usually see when they are on a long bus trip?

A. Buses on the road.                            B. Films on television.

C. Advertisements on the billboards.                D. Gas stations.

57. What is the purpose of this passage?

A. To give the writer’s opinion about long bus trips.

B. To persuade you to take a long bus trip.

C. To explain how bus trips and television shows differ.

D. To describe the billboards along the road.

58. The writer of this passage would probably prefer ______________.

A. bus drivers who are reckless                    B. driving alone

C. a television set on the bus                      D. no billboards along the road

59. The writer feels long bus rides are like TV shows because ____________.

A. the commercials both on TV shows and on billboards along the road are fun

B. they both have a beginning, a middle, and an end, with commercials in between

C. the drivers are always reckless on TV shows just as they are on buses

D. both traveling and watching TV are not exciting.

60. The writer thinks that the end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning because both are _________.

A. exciting                B. comfortable                  C. tiring             D. boring

 

B

Smile, when making an introduction.

Every day we meet people in a number of business and social situations. And the way we meet and greet them creates an impression. It’s important to do so in a proper way, no matter whether you are introducing yourself to someone, or introducing two people to each other. To keep you aware of this, we have gathered tips on how to make a proper introduction.

◎Always stand when making an introduction.

When you are seated and someone comes up to greet you, make the effort to stand up. By doing this, you show respect for yourself and for the other person.

◎Always maintain eye contact(接触) while making an introduction.

Many people are not aware of the value of this simple action. When you make eye contact you are giving a confident image.

◎Always introduce a person of lesser authority(权威) to one of greater authority. The most important thing to remember is to say the most important person’s name first.

For example, when introducing your supervisor(管理者,领导) to a job candidate(候选人), you would give your supervisor’s name first. “Bob Jones, may I introduce Susan Lee, who has just graduated from ABC University?”

◎In a situation where rank(等级) is unimportant, an introduction is based on sex and age. A man is presented to a woman and a younger woman to an older woman.

What if you find yourself in a situation where you have forgotten the other person’s name? Start with a handshake and reintroduce yourself. By doing this, you will usually cause the other person to do the same.

However, if the other person does not take your suggestion, it is OK simply to apologize and let the person know that you cannot remember her or his name. This is not the ideal situation, of course, but it does happen to all of us. The other person should be forgiving.

 

61. The article gives you advice on _________.

A. how to make a self-introduction          

B. how to make a proper introduction

C. how to leave a good impression on people

D. how to greet people in social situations

62. According to the passage, people will think you are ______ if you don’t make eye contact with them.

A. not honest             B. not confident               C. shy               D. unfriendly

63. What should you do when you introduce a new worker to your boss?

A. You should not give your boss’ name.

    B. You should give the new worker’s name first.

C. You needn’t give your boss’ name.    

D. You should give your boss’ name first.

64. If you forget the other person’s name, you’d better ________.

A. ask him/her directly               

B. apologize first and then ask him/her

C. shake hands with the person and reintroduce yourself

D. consider his age first

 

                                      C

We have two daughters: Kristen is seven years old and Kelly is four. Last Sunday evening,

we invited some people home for dinner. I dressed them nicely for the party, and told them that their job was to join Mommy in answering the door when the bell rang. Mommy would introduce them to the guests, and then they would take the guests’ coats upstairs and put them on the bed in the second bedroom.

The guests arrived. I introduced my two daughters to each of them. The adults were nice and kind and said how lucky we were to have such good kids.

Each of the guests made a particular fuss over Kelly, the younger one, admiring her dress, her hair and her smile. They said she was a remarkable girl to be carrying coats upstairs at her age.

I thought to myself that we adults usually make a big “to do” over the younger one because she’s the one who seems more easily hurt. We do it with the best of intentions.

But we seldom think of how it might affect the other child. I was a little worried that Kristen would feel she was being outshined. I was about to serve dinner when I realized that she had been missing for twenty minutes. I ran upstairs and found her in the bedroom, crying. I said, “What are you doing here, my dear?”

She turned to me with a sad expression and said, “Mommy, why don’t people like me the way they like my sister? Is it because I’m not pretty? Is that why they don’t say nice things about me as much?”

I tried to explain to her, kissing and hugging her to make her feel better.

Now whenever I visit a friend’s home, I make it a point to speak to the elder child first.

 

65. The underlined expression “make a big ‘to do’ over”(paragraph 4) means_____.

      A. show much concern about

      B. have a special effect on

      C. list jobs to be done for

      D. do good things for

66. We can conclude (得出结论) from the passage that_____.

      A. parents should pay more attention to the elder children

      B. the younger children are usually more easily hurt

      C. people usually like the younger children more

      D. adults should treat children equally

67. The guests praised Kelly for carrying coats upstairs because of her_____.

      A. beautiful hair        B. pretty clothes      C. lovely smile      D. young age

68. Kristen felt sad and cried because_____.

A. the guest gave her more coats to carry

B. she didn’t look as pretty as Kelly

C. the guests praised her sister more than her

D. her mother didn’t introduce her the guests

                                   

D

Since life is short and the world is wide, the sooner you start exploring it, the better. Soon enough the time will come when you are too tired to move farther than the terrace (台阶) of the best hotel. Go now.

    No need, you may say, to tell that. But what I do need to tell you is that you will meet with a surprising amount of opposition(反对) the moment you try to set out. Rubbish, you will reply. More people go abroad nowadays than ever before; never has travel, particularly among the young, been more strongly accepted in international exchanges. Perhaps not: but none of this, my dear young friends, is travel. Travel is not going on a round coach trip for $ 67 in all, or spending ten days at a hotel by the sea. Travel is when you want to see how much money you have and then set out, alone or with chosen friends, to make an unhurried journey to a distant goal without a set date for your return.

    Real travel, then, is independence in action, and is not liked by most parents. They don’t mind your going in a school party to Athens because they know just where you are and when you’ll be back, and they can therefore permit you the imagination of freedom without for one second letting you beyond their control. But what they cannot bear(忍受) is that you should travel all on your own, without giving them your address and return date. In fact, their fears are quite reasonable because that shows how much they love you. So in order to enjoy real travel and at the same time put your parents’ mind at ease, it would be really important for you to keep some proper advice in mind.

 

69. According to the passage, you should start travel right now because _______.

A. travel broadens your mind

B. all your travel in the past is not real travel

C. time flies and the world is large

D. it’s better to start exploring the world when you are young

70. Which statement is TRUE according to the passage?

A. People travel more than before.

B. Young people are encouraged to travel abroad.

C. Going on a round coach trip for $67 doesn’t mean real travel.

D. Educational visits should not be encouraged, as they are not real travel.

71. Your parents allow you to travel in a school party because ________.

A. they want you to be truly free

B. you are still under their control

C. they don’t have time to travel with you

D.   they know it’s good for you

72.   According to the writer, when you do real traveling, you should ________.

A. never mind how worried your parents are

B. give your parents your address and return date

C. tell your parents details about your travel

D. not let your parents worry about you

                                   

E

When someone has deeply hurt you, it can be extremely difficult to let go of your anger. But forgiveness (原谅) is possible, and it can be surprisingly helpful to your physical and mental health. Indeed, research has shown that people who forgive report more energy, better appetite (胃口) and better sleep patterns. “People who forgive show less anger and more hopefulness,” says Dr Frederic Luskin, who wrote the book Forgive for Good. “So it can help save on the wear and tear on our system and allow people to feel more energetic (精力充沛).”

So when someone has hurt you, calm yourself first. Take a couple of breaths and think of something that gives you pleasure: a beautiful scene in nature, someone you love. Don’t wait for an apology. “Many times the person who hurt you may never think of apologizing,” says Dr Luskin. “They may have wanted to hurt you or they just don’t see things the same way. So if you wait for people to apologize, you could be waiting a very long time.” Keep in mind that forgiveness does not necessarily mean accepting the action of the person who upset you. Mentally going over your hurt gives power to the person who brought you pain. Instead, learn to look for the love, beauty and kindness around you. Finally, try to see things from the other person’s perspective (视角,看法). You may realize that he or she was acting out of ignorance (无知), fear and even love. To gain perspective, you may want to write a letter to yourself from that person’s point of view.

 

73. The text is mainly written to explain ________.

A. how to keep yourself from being hurt

B. how to stay mentally healthy

C. how and when to remain clam

D. why and how to pardon others

74. According to the writer, what is the right way to calm down after being hurt?

A. Try to figure out why you get hurt

B. Write a letter to the person who hurt you.

C. Persuade yourself to accept what others have done to you.

D. Think about pleasant things and forget about the hurt.

75. Dr Luskin advises us not to wait for an apology after being hurt because ________.

A. we are not patient enough   

B. we’d feel worse accepting others’ apology

C. people seldom want to apologize

D. people don’t mean it when they apologize

 

 

II  写作 (共四节,满分45)

第一节    单词拼写 (共5题,每小题1分,满分5分)

1. I’ll attend the dinner party on c_______________ that my parents are invited, too.

2. There is no point getting into a p______________ about the exam. Take it easy, I think.

3. It is widely accepted that pigeons are considered to be the s______________ of peace.

4. The store was o______________ quite small, but now it is the biggest one in the city.

5. He spent a year on the d________________ island and made a living on wild fruits.

 

第二节    用所给动词的适当形式填空(共5题,每小题1分, 满分5分)

1. Since the Internet was put to use, letters _____________ (replace) by e-mails which are quick

and convenient.

2. During an exam, the boy hid a mini-notebook inside his clothes to avoid _____________ (catch) cheating by his teacher.

3. Some weight-loss pills can’t help _______________ (reduce) your weight, so you should be smart about the ads.

4. You can never imagine the great difficulty the police had _____________ (uncover) the murder case.

5. Wang Ping is the only one of the pupils who often ______________ (pick) flowers in the school garden, which results in punishment.

 

第三节    单句改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

1. Nobody but two students were seen reading in the library.                  ___________

2. As the wealth of the country increasing, more and more waste will be produced. ___________

3. It is no chance that I am able to persuade him to give up drinking.            ___________

4. Comparing to other good students, Jeff works even harder.                 ___________

5. Do you know the girl seating at the desk by the window?                   ___________

6. My mother made a promise which she would come to see me every three weeks.___________

7. What a great progress you have made recently!                           ___________

8. If we’ll go camping depends on the amount of our homework.               ___________

9. John was made cleaning the window for a week as a punishment.            ___________

10. Is this the reason why he explained at the meeting for his carelessness in his work?________

 

 

第四节    书面表达(共25分)

你班最近就“中学生课余时间上网的利弊”召开了一次主题班会,同学们各抒己见,畅所欲言,作为班长,请你根据下列信息,作总结性发言。

大多数同学观点

1、时间是自己的,提倡多上网。

      2、网络使我们交流方便,获得国内外新知识及最新信息。

      3、因特网丰富了学生的业余生活。

 

少数同学观点

1、上网可以,但必须限时。

2、多数人上网是玩游戏而不是学习。

3、个别同学为了上网甚至逃学多天。

 

注意:1. 发言的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

2. 词数:120 左右。

 

Attention, please! I’m going to give you a summary of today’s discussion about whether we should go online in our spare time.

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

                                                                             

 

That’s all. Thank you!

 

 

 

 

试题详情

通州市2005-2006学年(下)高二期中考试

英语试题B

 

本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。共150分。考试时间120分钟。

 

第一卷 (三部分,共105分)

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30)

做题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。  

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有l0秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What is the man?

   A. A worker.                 B. A driver.                       C. A teacher.

2. What is the man going to do this weekend?

   A. Meet a friend of his.              B. Go to Beijing.                       C. Hold a birthday party

3. What does the woman intend to buy her dad for Christmas?

   A. A watch.              B. A book.                       C. A book or record.

4. How does the woman feel?

   A. Surprised.              B. Lighted-hearted.                C. A bit tense.

5. What does the man tell the woman?

A. She is mistaken.             

B. His dog likes chasing cats.             

C. There is another cat that looks like hers.

  

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。

听下面一段材料,回答第6至第8题。

6. What is the woman going to do?

   A. Buy a gift for David.

   B. Buy a pet for her husband.

   C. Buy some animals for the zoo.

7. How many kinds of animals are mentioned in the conversation?

A. 2.                                     B. 3.                                     C. 4.

8. What can we learn from the conversation?

   A.The man likes keeping rabbits.

   B.The man doesn’t know much about David..

  C.The man doesn’t like snakes.

听下面一段材料,回答第9至第11题。

9. How many goals did the visiting team score?

   A. 1.                                                 B. 2.                                                 C. 3.

10. What do we know about the woman?

   A. She watched the game on TV because she hasn’t got the ticket.

   B. She knew about the game over the radio.

   C. She watched the match at the stadium.

11. When is Jack’s next match?

   A. On Friday this week.

   B. On Saturday this week.

  C. On Friday next week.

听下面一段材料,回答第12至第14题。

12. What are the two speakers talking about?

   A. A flight timetable.

   B. Hiring a taxi.

   C. The way to the Union Street.

13. Where is the woman going on Saturday?

   A. Garden Hotel.                         B. The airport.                            C. The railway station.

14. When will the driver pick up the woman?

   A. Before 7:00am.                       B. At 7:00am.                      C. After 7:00am.

 听下面一段材料,回答第15至第17题。

15. What is the relationship between the two speakers?

   A. Husband and wife.                  B. Close friends.                  C. Boss and secretary.

16. Which of the following is NOT right according to the conversation?

   A.The man won’t be free until in the evening.

B.The woman will go to meet Tony instead of Dave because she has lots of time to kill.

C.The two speakers are mainly talking about the planning for the next day.

17. Where are the two speakers going to have dinner?

   A. In a restaurant.                       B. In the woman’s house.      C. In the man’s house.

听下面一段材料,回答第18至第20题。

18. What is the main idea of the passage?

   A. More must be done about the school dropouts.

   B. The importance of  “Hope Project” .

   C. The function of education

19. How many school-aged children have dropped out of school?

   A. Over 2 million.                       B. Over 4 million.                C. Over 12 million.

20. What is in the greatest demand in helping the poor children?

   A. A better education system.        B. A large amount of money. C. Parents’ attention.

 

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项.

21. We believe ______ Beijing we’ll see in ______ year 2008 will be quite _____ different city  

   from what it is now.

       A. /; the; a             B. the; the; a                 C. a; the; the          D. the; /; /

22. The boy was so ______ in reading that he didn’t hear his mother knocking at the door.

       A. attracted            B. drawn                      C. absorbed           D. concentrated

23. If you want an article ____________, you must keep in mind several rules while ______.

       A. well writing; written                             B. well written; writing        

       C. written well; wrote                                D. writing well; writing

24. --- Mind if I call you Albert?

   --- _____________.

       A. Yes, just call me Al                               B. Yes, you may do not

       C. Of course not. Just plain “Al” will do      D. OK. Everyone does

25. It’s a place ________ we can stay safely during the time ________we are looking for.

       A. what; where      B. where; that               C. that; where        D. that; what

26. He was always _________ for knowledge, and at last became an expert in the field of art.

       A. anxious             B. greedy                            C. accessible          D. potential

27. The 66-year-old Saddam Hussein was finally caught _______ in a cave, which was

   considered a victory ever since the outbreak of the war.

       A. hidden                     B. to hide                            C. hiding               D. to be hidden

28. It is reported that peace talks between the two countries have _____ with no agreement ____.

       A. broken down; reached                           B. broken out; reaching        

       C. broken in; got                                       D. broken up; getting

29. Water has a large heat capacity, thus __________ a stable environment for living things.

       A. to create            B. creating                    C. created              D. having created

30. --- How long are you staying?

   --- I don’t know. ____________.

       A. That’s OK         B. Never mind                     C. It depends         D. It doesn’t matter

31. The young man was determined to leave, _______________ his parents’ disagreement.

       A. by means of      B. in spite of          C. due to               D. in favor of

32. Only when your passport has been checked, _____________.

       A. you are allowed in                                B. you will be allowed in            

       C. will you allow in                                          D. will you be allowed in

33. ______ you do the experiment carefully, you would make discoveries others wouldn’t make.

       A. should                     B. would                      C. could                D. might

34. --- How can I achieve success?

   --- _______________ your best.

       A. to keep trying    B. by keeping trying      C. by keeping to try              D. keep to try

35. It was 1995 __________ we began to develop the new computer system.

       A. when                B. which                      C. since                 D. that

 

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

    阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~55各题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A lady and her husband stepped off the train in Boston. They walked without an appointment(预约)into the outer  36  of Harvard’s president. But they were  37  by his secretary and kept waiting. For hours, the secretary took no notice of them,  38  that the couple would finally become  39  and go away. But they didn’t. The secretary finally decided to disturb the president, though  40  .

A few minutes later, the president walked towards the couple with a  41  face. The lady told him, “We had a son that  42  Harvard for one year. He loved Harvard. He was  43  here. But about a year ago, he was accidentally killed. My husband and I would like to  44  a memorial(纪念物)to him, somewhere on campus.”

The president wasn’t  45  . Instead, he was shocked. “Madam,” he said, “we can’t put up a statue for every person who studied at Harvard and died. If we did, this   46  would look like a cemetery(墓地),” “Oh, no,” the lady  47  quickly. “We don’t want to put up a statue. We would like to give a  48  to Harvard.” The president rolled his eyes and  49  at the couple and then exclaimed, ” A building! Do you have any  50  how much a building costs? We have spent over $7,500,000 on the campus building at Harvard.” For a moment the lady was silent. The president was  51  , because he could get rid of them now. Then the lady turned to her husband and said quietly, “Is that all it costs to start a  52  ? Why don’t we just start our own?” Her husband nodded.  53  their offer was turned down, Mr. and Mrs. Stanford traveled to California where they founded the University that bears their  54  , a memorial to a son that Harvard no longer  55  about.

36. A. lab                            B. library              C. hall                   D. office

37. A. watched                     B. stopped             C. followed           D. interviewed

38. A. hoping                B. finding              C. realizing            D. imagining

39. A. surprised             B. disappointed      C. worried             D. troubled

40. A. hopelessly           B. carefully           C. unexpectedly     D. unwillingly

41. A. pleasant                     B. funny                C. cold                  D. sad

42. A. attended              B. visited               C. studied              D. served

43. A. clever                 B. brave                C. proud                D. happy

44. A. set about             B. set up                C. take down         D. take over

45. A. satisfied                     B. excited              C. moved                     D. ashamed

46. A. house                 B. part                  C. garden                     D. place

47. A. explained            B. expressed          C. refused              D. admitted

48. A. building              B. yard                  C. playground        D. square

49. A. laughed                     B. shouted             C. glanced             D. called

50. A. suggestion           B. idea                  C. thought             D. opinion

51. A. bored                 B. astonished         C. interested          D. pleased

52. A. department          B. university          C. business            D. club

53. A. Once                  B. While               C. Since                D. Though

54. A. name                  B. character           C. picture                     D. sign

55. A. talked                 B. knew                C. heard                D. cared

 

第三部分 阅读理解 (共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

    阅读下面短文,从每题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

A

A new study suggests that very young children who watch a lot of television may have attention problems later in school.

Children with attention problems cannot sit still or control their actions. They talk too much, lose things, forget easily and are not able to finish tasks.

People with attention problems may suffer a condition known as Attention Deficit(缺乏) Disorder(紊乱), or A.D.D. Experts say the cause of A.D.D involves chemicals in the brain. Teachers say many children in the United States are showing signs of the disorder. Some education researchers have been saying for years that watching television at a very young age could change the normal development of the brain. For example, they say that children who watch a lot of television are not able to sit and read for an extended period of time.

The new study tested the idea that television watching by very young children is linked to attention problems by the age of seven. It involved more than one-thousand-three-hundred children. There were two groups of children, ages one and three. Researchers at Children’s Hospital and Regional Medical Center in Seattle, Washington reported the results in the medical magazine. They asked the parents how often the children watched television. The parents also described their children’s actions at the age of seven using a method that can tell if someone suffers attention deficit disorders.

The children who watched a lot of television at an early age were most likely to have attention problems. Every hour of watching television increased the chances of having attention problems by about ten per cent.

The researchers say that all the children with attention problems might not have A.D.D. But they still could face major learning problems in school. The findings support advice by a group of children’s doctors that children under the age of two should not watch television.

One of the researchers said there are other reasons why children should not watch television. Earlier studies have linked it with children becoming too fat and too aggressive(likely to fight). Other experts say the new study is important, but more work needs to be done to prove the findings and better explain the cause and effect.

56. We can infer from the passage that ___________________________.

       A. Children who watch a lot of TV don’t know anything at school.

       B. Children who watch a lot of TV know more about the world than other children.

       C. Usually Americans watch a lot of TV

       D. Americans are facing serious problems now.

57. According to the passage, it is true except that ___________________.

       A. It might have taken the researchers 4 to 6 years to do the test.

       B. Children shouldn’t watch TV for about three reasons.

       C. If a child of 7 years old watches TV 3 hours a day, he is thirty percent more likely to

      have attention problems than those who watch no television.

       D. Scientists are still studying the cause and effect of the problem

58. We can learn from the passage that ___________________

       A. Some students with no A.D.D may have learning problems

       B. No students with attention problems has A. D. D

       C. No students with attention problems has learning problems

       D. Some students with A.D.D do well at school

59. The best title of this passage should be _________________.

       A. Attention Deficit Disorder

       B. An Education problem----Television

       C. Television and Attention Problems

       D. Children and Television

 

B

“Dutch” expressions heard in American English were first used in the 17th century. That was a time of fierce competition between England and Holland. At that time, the British used “Dutch” as a word for something bad, or false.

     A Dutch agreement was one made between men who had drunk too much alcohol. Dutch leave was what a soldier took when he left his base without permission.

Some of these old expressions are still used today with a little different meaning. Long ago, a Dutch treat or to go Dutch was a dinner at which the invited guests were expected to pay for their own share of food and drink. Now, Dutch treat means that when friends go out to have fun, each person pays his own share.

Another common expression heard a few years ago was “In Dutch”. If someone told you that you were in Dutch, they meant that you were in trouble.

Some of the Dutch expressions heard in American English have nothing to do with the Dutch people at all. In the seventeen hundreds, Germans who moved to the United States often were called Dutch. During the American Civil War, supporters of the northern side in the central state of Missouri were called Dutch, because many of them were German settlers. President Theodore Roosevelt once noted that anything foreign and non-English was called Dutch.

 

60. Why does the word “Dutch” often have a negative (not good) meaning in English?

       A. Because in the 17th century, the Dutch were timid (胆小的)

       B. Because in the 17th century, the Dutch often drank a lot of alcohol.

       C. Because in the 17th century, the Dutch often fought with the British.

       D. Because in the 17th century, the Dutch didn’t like to pay for others.

61. If one of your friends collects 60 yuan from you to go to have a meal together, you can use

   “_____”.

       A. A Dutch                                 B. Go Dutch

       C. In Dutch                                D. Dutch leave

62. Which of the following statements is true?

       A. The original meaning of “Dutch” refers to the people in the British.

       B. “Dutch” sometimes means all that is non-English in American English.

       C. The Dutch uncles are often very severe.

       D. “Dutch” expressions in English didn’t come from the Dutch at all.

63. What’s the passage mainly about?

       A. Telling us that “Dutch” is not a good word.

       B. Showing that “Dutch” means differently between the British and the American

       C. Telling us there was fierce competition between England and Holland.

       D. Helping us enlarge the knowledge about the word “Dutch”.

 

C

Composition classes at George Mason teach writing as a process. Teachers there ask students to use writing not simply as a way of communicating a paper, for example, you may go through the processes of discovery, reading, revising, and editing.

Many teachers introduce their students to techniques which use writing to lead to thinking. Often, as thinkers, we don’t know (or remember) everything that we do really know. Writing helps us to discover what we know, and work out what we need to know. Teachers there may begin or end a class with a wring exercise or ask you to prepare to write a paper through a series of exercises.

You may suddenly meet free-writing, where you are asked to write your unedited thoughts on a particular topic, idea or experience for a fixed period. This technique can often help an essay or other work become more successful. Brainstorming is a more focused technique during which you consciously note all your ideas, questions, facts and figures about a topic. Some teachers may ask you to write poems or imagine your experiences as you change your place in time or space. In writing to learn, you discover your destination (your new ideas) as you write.

Most teachers ask students to read each other’s drafts in classroom workshop. Not all of your reviewers will agree about your paper. As a writer, you need to decide which suggestions would help you communicate your ideas most clearly.

 

64. The whole time to complete a piece of writing is also ___.

       A. the processes of discovery, reading, revising, and editing

       B. the most important process of exam

       C. one period to be used for watching

       D. an important period of having a short rest

65. We can find that writing____.

       A. is the base of reading

       B. is the only way to practice in a school

       C. is both a way of communicating, a way of discovering and developing new ideas

       D. is the best way of teaching

66. The author’s main topic in this text is that ____.

       A. most teachers ask students to read before writing

       B. free-writing is a hard task in classroom

       C. writing a paper through a series of exercises is the best way

       D. writing is a process of discovery, creating and developing new ideas

 

D

    It is often said that most Americans vote with their wallets, and so a voter’s guide to where the two presidential competitors stand on taxes certainly comes in handy.

Over the past four years, President Bush has twice signed laws reducing individual tax rates on income in all groups, and he has repeatedly called on Congress to make these tax cuts for long, saying failure to do so would have the same effect with a tax hike and threaten prospects for a strong economic recovery.

Congressional analysts say making the tax cuts for long would cost about $13 trillion over the next 10 years.

For his part, Sen.John Kerry wants to continue Bush’s tax relief for lower and middle-income earners, but he suggests canceling tax cuts for Americans earning more than $200,000 a year, and he says he’ll use the extra money to provide money for new policies, like healthcare reform.

A married couple with two children and an annual family income of $250,000 can expect to pay $1,300 more annually in taxes, according to a Deloitte Tax LLP analysis. The family’s saving under the existing tax law is $5,380, compared with tax rates that existed in 2000.

The same family, if it had a family income of $180,000, would see no change in their tax bill under Kerry’s tax plan according to Deloitte’s analysis.

“The battleground for the two (tax) plans is how Bush and Kerry treat families and individuals with income over $200,000,” said Clint Stetch, director of tax policy at Deloitte Tax LLP.

 

67. American voters mostly care for ________ when they vote.

       A. the income from the government

       B. the taxes they have to pay

       C. the ability of the presidential rivals

       D. economic recovery

68. What does the underlined phrase “to do so” mean in the second paragraph?

       A. To vote with their wallet

       B. To sign legislation reducing individual tax rates on income in all groups

       C. To make the individual tax rates on income cut permanent

       D. To amount to a tax hike

69. If Kerry’s tax plan is approved, a household income of $500,000 will probably pay

   about __________ more annually in tax.

       A. $2,600                B. $5,380          C. $1,300          D. $2,000

70. There is no doubt that ________ would pay more under Kerry’s tax plan.

       A. lower-income families                           B. middle-income families   

       C. higher-income families                          D. all families

 

E

Stavanger is located in the area Rogaland in the south-west coast of Norway. The people that live here are still arguing whether they belong to the south of the country or if they can regard themselves as true westerners. So far they have not been able to reach a conclusion. The history of the city is long, for example, the leading church in the middle of Stavanger (Domkirken) dates back to 1125 if I’m not mistaken. This old church today is one of the sights in Stavanger. No, it is not as big as Notre Dame (巴黎圣母院) or other important churches in the big European cities. It is a small leading church and the most unique thing is that it is built in both Roman and Gothic(哥特式)style. The reason for this is of course that the church was put to fire and it took quite a long time to finish the project. But today it is located in the middle of town and lots of people get married here every summer.

      My wife is from south Africa and the first time in July she came to Norway. She was very surprised to find that Norway was green and warm. It has to be said that the summer she came here was an unusual warm summer. One of the great disadvantages of living in Stavanger is the unpredictable weather. It has been said that we can have 4 seasons in one day. Well, I don’t know about that. I can agree to 3 seasons in one day because we don’t have much of a winter here anyway. But when the weather is great in July and August that is when I love Stavanger the most. So what is there to see here? Well, I would recommend a bit. There are two places that are great: Kjerag and Prekestolen (Pulpit rock).

 

71. What’s the problem of the people in Stavanger?

       A. Which part do they belong to?

       B. Which country do they live in?

       C. What race do they belong to?

       D. When will they become westerners?

72. Which one is NOT a suitable statement about the leading church in the middle of Stavanger?

       A. It dates back to 1125

       B. It is the leading and the biggest one in all the European cities.

       C. It is one of the sights in Stavanger.

       D. Lots of people get married in the old church every summer now.

73. The church in the middle of Stavanger is quite different; the reason is that ________.

       A. it is one of the newest churches in Europe

       B. people no longer go to this leading church

       C. it is built by local workers

       D. the church was exposed to fire and it took quite a long time to finish the project

74. That July in Stawanger the author’s wife found was green and warm, but____.

       A. it is the hottest time of one year

       B. every traveler always likes choosing this time to stay in Stavanger

       C. the weather in Stavanger is unpredictable and there are 4 seasons in one day

       D. it is spring in Norway

75. The author’s favorite time in Stavanger is _____according to his statement.

       A. winter                                 B. July and August

       C. summer                                D. May and June

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

第II卷 写作(四节,共45分)

第一节 根据首字母提示,写出句中所缺单词(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

1. The exhibition is open to all, r_______________ of age, sex and race.

2. Have you make a_____________ for the journey aboard?

3. Washington State of the US was named in h_________ of the great American president

George Washington.

4. Without a c____________, anyone will feel lonely.

5. It is said that dogs are a million times more s____________ to smells than humans.

 

第二节 用所给动词的正确形式填空。(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

1. The discovery of new evidence led to the thief _____________ (catch).

2. He hurried to the booking office, only ___________ (tell) the tickets had been sold out.

3. ___________ (dress) in the officer uniform, he looks young and handsome.

4. _____________ (finish) his task, he left the office and had a beer in the pub.

5. He was saved by a sailor at sea, otherwise he would ______________ (drown).

 

第三节 单句改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

下列各句都有一处错误,请根据要求改正:

该行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。 

该行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

该行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

 

1. They dug very deeply into the ground and found some hidden treasure.                 _______

2. Is the house which only window faces south your uncle’s ?                               _______

3. My friend promised me that he would do all he could help me when I was in trouble ._______

4. It’s time I go to pick my child from school.                                                        _______

5. Many people tried to join in the club to get some instruction on body building.      _______

6. I’m so sorry that my words hurt you, but I didn’t intend.                                            _______

7. I don’t doubt whether he will attend our meeting.                                               _______

8. Experts are studying the causes and affects of the strange phenomenon.                 _______

9. The company has arranged me to meet the guests at the airport.                            _______

10. After a long journey, the traveler returned back to his hometown.                              _______

第四节 书面表达

你调查了本校90年代初和现在的高中生为英语学习购买资料的情况。得出下表:

 

对比项

时间

tapes

Reference books

CD/DVD

Internet

年人均投资

90年代初

33%

67%

0%

0%

80 yuan

现在

20%

40%

30%

10%

230 yuan

 

要求:

1、表述调查结论;

2、解释发生变化的原因(如学习竞争加剧、对英语重视程度的加强;中国入世带来的就 

 业需要;科技发展使新的学习产品不断出现等);

3、你对正确使用参考资料的看法。

4、词数:100左右。开头已给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:survey   comparison   purchase   average cost

 

    To find out the changes of English learning between students of the early 1990’s and nowadays, I conducted a survey.                                                    

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

                                                                              

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

试题详情

通州市2005-2006学年(下)高二期中考试

英语试题A

 

本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。共150分。考试时间120分钟。

 

第一卷 (选择题,共105分)

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30)

做题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。  

第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有l0秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. What is the man?

   A. A worker.                 B. A driver.                       C. A teacher.

2. What is the man going to do this weekend?

   A. Meet a friend of his.              B. Go to Beijing.                       C. Hold a birthday party

3. What does the woman intend to buy her dad for Christmas?

   A. A watch.              B. A book.                       C. A book or a record.

4. How does the woman feel?

   A. Surprised.              B. Lighted-hearted.                C. A bit tense.

5. What does the man tell the woman?

A. She is mistaken.             

B. His dog likes chasing cats.             

C. There is another cat that looks like hers.

  

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。

听下面一段材料,回答第6至第8题。

6. What is the woman going to do?

   A. Buy a gift for David.

   B. Buy a pet for her husband.

   C. Buy some animals for the zoo.

7. How many kinds of animals are mentioned in the conversation?

A. 2.                                     B. 3.                                     C. 4.

8. What can we learn from the conversation?

   A.The man likes keeping rabbits.

   B.The man doesn’t know much about David..

  C.The man doesn’t like snakes.

听下面一段材料,回答第9至第11题。

9. How many goals did the visiting team score?

   A. 1.                                                 B. 2.                                                 C. 3.

10. What do we know about the woman?

   A. She watched the game on TV because she hasn’t got the ticket.

   B. She knew about the game over the radio.

   C. She watched the match at the stadium.

11. When is Jack’s next match?

   A. On Friday this week.

   B. On Saturday this week.

  C. On Friday next week.

听下面一段材料,回答第12至第14题。

12. What are the two speakers talking about?

   A. A flight timetable.

   B. Hiring a taxi.

   C. The way to the Union Street.

13. Where is the woman going on Saturday?

   A. Garden Hotel.                         B. The airport.                            C. The railway station.

14. When will the driver pick up the woman?

   A. Before 7:00am.                       B. At 7:00am.                      C. After 7:00am.

 听下面一段材料,回答第15至第17题。

15. What is the relationship between the two speakers?

   A. Husband and wife.                  B. Close friends.                  C. Boss and secretary.

16. Which of the following is NOT right according to the conversation?

   A.The man won’t be free until in the evening.

B.The woman will go to meet Tony instead of Dave because she has lots of time to kill.

C.The two speakers are mainly talking about the planning for the next day.

17. Where are the two speakers going to have dinner?

   A. In a restaurant.                       B. In the woman’s house.      C. In the man’s house.

听下面一段材料,回答第18至第20题。

18. What is the main idea of the passage?

   A. More must be done about the school dropouts.

   B. The importance of  “Hope Project” .

   C. The function of education

19. How many school-aged children have dropped out of school?

   A. Over 2 million.                       B. Over 4 million.                C. Over 12 million.

20. What is in the greatest demand in helping the poor children?

   A. A better education system.        B. A large amount of money. C. Parents’ attention.

 

第二部分:英语知识运用 (共两节,满分35)

第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

从四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. Everyone wishes to have ____success though _____failure is the mother of success.

A.不填; a                   B. the; a                 C. a; a              D. a; 不填

22. Since the local doctors couldn’t cure her illness. The woman was sent to a big city, where

specialists could be __________to study her disease.

A. called at            B. called on             C. called in         D. called up

23. Hundreds of policemen arrived and _______ the protest crowds that had been there for nearly two hours.

A. broke off           B. broke down          C. broke up         D. broke away

24. ---Mum, I climbed to get the Teddy Bear from the top of the shelf.

---My goodness! You _______ yourself. You _____ do that next time.

A. must have hurt; mustn’t                            B. should have hurt; can’t

C. may have hurt; mustn’t                             D. might have hurt; won’t be able to

25. As a teacher, I seldom give my students so difficult a problem_______ they can’t work out.

A. that                B. as                     C. if                D. in order that

26. The World Wide Web is sometimes jokingly called the World Wide Wait because it _____ be very slow.

A. can                 B. must                C. should         D. will

27. Hospital staff burst into cheers after doctors completed a 20-hour operation to have __________ one-year-old twins at the head.

       A. parted                  B. divided                   C. separated          D. removed

28. So absorbed ________ in the research that she didn’t hear someone knocking at the door.

      A. she did             B. did she             C. she was         D. was she

29. You are smart, diligent and determined, which, I’m sure, will        this plan a success.

A. get                       B. lead to?                 C. cause                       D. make

30. China sent up Shenzhou VI manned spaceship into space successfully, which shows science and technology __________ rapidly in China.

    A. have been developing                      B. is developing     

C. develop                                 D. has developed

31.--- Hi, Mary. It’s nice seeing you.

   ---I ________ coming to visit you but too much work prevented me from doing so.

    A. had thought                              B. thought of     

    C. have been thinking of                    D. have thought of

32. ---________by the chemistry teacher for not finishing homework independently                        makes him feel very shameful.

---Yes. But he told me this morning he would spare no effort to be the top one in our class.

A. Scolded                                                B. Having scolded      

C. Being scolded                                            D. After being scolded

33. --- Car 18 won the race.

   --- Yes, but its driver came close to _________.

    A. having killed        B. have been killed      C. being killed            D. be killed

34. ---You must obey every word of mine!

   ---_______ I don’t?

      A. How if           B. What if             C. Even if              D. Only if

35. ---What happened to the house ?

---It    _____burnt to the ground.

A is said to having been     B. is supposed to have been

C is reported to be         D. is believed to have

第二节 完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36-55各题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

Many of us spend a great deal of time and energy proving that we are right and others are wrong. Many people believe that it is their job to    36    others how their positions, statements, and points of view are incorrect, and   37   in doing so, the  person they are correcting is going to somehow appreciate it, or at least learn   38  . Wrong!

   Think about it. Have you ever been corrected by someone and said to him, “Thank you so much for showing me that I’m wrong and you’re right.”   39  has anyone you know ever   40   you when you corrected him, or made yourself “right” at his   41  ? Of course not. The truth is, all of us   42   to be corrected. We all want our positions to be  43   and understood by others.  Being listened to and heard is one of the greatest   44   of the human heart. And those who learn to   45  are the most loved and respected. Those who are in the   46  of correcting others are often resented(憎恨) and   47   .

A wonderful way of becoming more peaceful and loving is to practise allowing others the joy of being   48   ---give them the glory.   49   correcting. When someone says, “I really feel it’s important to …” instead of jumping in and saying, “No, it’s more important to …” simply let it   50   and allow their statements to   51  . The people in your life will become less defensive and more   52  . They will appreciate you more than you could ever have   53     

possible. You’ll discover the joy of joining in and witnessing other people’s   54  , which is far more   55   than a battle of egos (自我). Starting today, let others be “right” most of time!

36. A.show              B. ask            C. suggest               D. teach

37. A.whether          B.which         C.that                  D.what

38. A.something          B.anything       C.nothing               D.everything

39. A. But                B. Or             C. As                  D. So

40. A. answered                 B. accepted      C. cared               D. thanked

41. A. point            B. price         C. expense             D. power

42. A. want                B. hate           C. like                 D. dislike

43. A. taken                    B. received        C. realized             D. respected

44. A. demands        B. advantages        C. desires              D. ideas

45. A. talk             B. praise            C. help                        D. listen

46. A. form            B. habit             C. middle                      D. name

47. A. pitied                    B. left             C. punished              D. scolded

48. A. sure                B. common         C. certain                      D. right

49. A. Prevent              B. Practise          C. Stop                        D. Continue

50. A. enter             B. go             C.come                 D. leave

51. A. stand               B. take            C.happen                D. begin

52. A. careful           B. helpful         C.important             D. loving

53. A. needed          B. won             C.dreamt               D. demanded

54. A. worries          B. happiness        C.sufferings            D. success

55. A. rewarding       B.sensitive          C.thoughtful           D. meaningful

 

第三部分:阅读理解 (20小题;每小题2分,满分40)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

     You’ve heard it repeatedly: Make sure you drink at least eight glasses of water per day. The key words are "at least", because, unless you are a child, you need more water than that. The rule is, for every 50 pounds of body weight you carry, drink one quart of bottled or filtered (过滤的) water per day. The average person weighs 150 pounds, so they should drink three quarts per day. A 200 pounds person should drink a full gallon per day. Athletes should drink even more than that. Follow these and you’ve adopted one of the most important health habits.

     Our bodies are mostly water, and water is essential to our every function. Drink the appropriate amount, and everything is much more likely to function at the best levels. If you don’t drink enough water, over the short term you will experience tiredness, dry skin, headaches and constipation (便秘); over the longer term, every body function will degrade more quickly. It really is as simple as that.

     Things get a bit more complicated in what type of water to drink. Bottled water and filtered water are both good options. Do not drink tap water or distilled water (蒸馏水).Bottled water should be bottled in clear glass containers, not the plastic containers that transfer far too many chemicals into the water. Filtered water can be obtained through low-cost filters.

     Tap water should be avoided because it contains chlorine (氯) and may contain fluoride (氟化物), which is poisonous and can have terrible consequences for the body. Distilled water should also be avoided because it can burn up your body of necessary minerals. It has been tied to hair loss, which is often associated with certain mineral lack.

     Finally, drink water at room temperature if possible, as ice-cold water can harm your stomach.

56. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “degrade”?

     A. Improve.            B. Strengthen.               C. Reduce.                   D. Recover.

57. What kinds of water are proper for drinking?

     A. Tap water and bottled water.                    B. Tap water and distilled water.

     C. Bottled water and filtered water.                     D. Distilled water and filtered water.

 58. What’s the main reason that distilled water isn’t recommended to drink?

     A. It isn’t clean enough to drink.                  B. It leads the body to lack certain minerals.

     C. It contains too many chemicals.               D. It contains fluoride.

59. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

     A. It is harmful to drink plenty of icy water.

     B. One may feel tired due to lack of water for a short time.

     C. The water in plastic containers is safe to drink.

     D. The water with chlorine is not suitable to drink.

 

After almost 30 years of arguing that a black hole swallows up everything that falls into it, British astrophysicist (天体物理学家) Stephen Hawking moved backward last week.

The world-famous writer of “Brief History of Time” said he and other scientists had got it wrong.  

“I’ve been thinking about this problem for the last 30 years, and I think I now have the answer to it,” said Hawking. “A black hole only appears to form but later opens up and set free information about what fell inside. So we can be sure of the past and can predict the future.”

The findings could help solve the “black hole information paradox(似是而非的观点)”, an important puzzle in modern physics.

A black hole is an area in space where matter is under such pressure that even light can not escape from its gravitational pull(引力). But, exactly what happens there has long puzzled scientists.

Black holes occur when a powerful star burns up its nuclear fuel and gravity forces it to break down in on itself. The great weight of the star’s outer layers moves in towards its center. The force of gravity keeps nearly all light from escaping and nothing inside can be seen from the outside.

The star actually disappears from the universe into a point of infinite density(高密度). That is a place where the laws of general relativity that govern space and time break down.

     Hawking has devoted most of his life to studying these questions.

     At the beginning, cosmologists believed the holes were like a “universal vacuum (真空) cleaner”, sucking up everything in their path.

     Hawking revolutionized the study of black holes when he proved, in 1976 that, under the strange rules of quantum physics(量子物理), when black holes form they send out energy and lose mass in the process.

     In thinking up this so-called “Hawking radiation”, the Cambridge mathematician also created one of the biggest puzzles in physics.

These particles (粒子), he said, contained no information about what has been occurring inside the black hole, or how it formed. Under his theory, once the black hole disappears, all the information within it is lost.

60. What’s the importance of Hawking’s new findings?

    A. They could help solve the puzzle about black holes.

    B. They have solved the mystery of “black holes”.

    C. We can now know what is going on inside “black holes”.

    D. Scientists have already predicted the future of “black holes” now.

61. What’s the meaning of the underlined word “cosmologist” (in Paragraph 9)?

    A. A person who studies the universe and its origin and development.

    B. A person who studies the stars and their development.

    C. A person who travels in a spacecraft.

    D. A person who studies the position of the stars and the movements of the planets.

62. Which of the following is TRUE?

     A. Hawking has now studied black holes for more than 40 years.

    B. During the course of the black hole’s forming the enormous weight of the star’s center moves into the outer layers.

    C. Almost nothing can escape from the gravitational pull of the black hole.

    D. Scientists have been thinking the black hole contains no information.

63. What would be the best title for the passage?

    A. The Formation of the Black Hole                    B. Black Hole Information Paradox

    C. Black Hole Mystery                                        D. The Cause of the Black Hole

 

If you’re a parent of a student who will go to college, two questions have probably been keeping you up at night: First, how can I help my child get into a college? Second, I wonder how much I could pay for it? You’re on your own when it comes to footing the bill, but college consultants may be able to help with the college part.

1. Get friendly with professors

     When you visit colleges, make a point of speaking to a professor or two in your favorite department. “You want to show a college that you’re not just applying because it’s a name. You have a particular reason for applying,”Hernandez says. Taking something specific a professor says is a good way for a student to get noticed.

2. Prepare for application essay

    “A lot of people believe the application doesn’t matter, and that the school is just going to look at grades and test scores,” Hernandez says. But it does, especially the college essay. To prepare, students should read some books on writing the college application essay.

3. Open your mouth

    “In the interview, feel free to speak out your mind,” Hernandez says. “If they ask you about your classes, don’t just list them. Answer in detail. Try to speak out your passion for the classes.”

4. Be creative with your high school choices

Colleges are looking for students who actively pursue their interests. High school students who simply take the prescribed list won’t make much of an impression. So branch out(扩展范围). “If, for example, you really liked languages and hated math, the college teachers would much rather see that you dropped math and took an extra language class at a community college,” Hernandez says.

5. Get a “real” job

    “If you come from a rich family, make sure you have some work experience other than summer camp or babysitting ―all the easy jobs that college teachers don’t consider real jobs,” Hernandez advises. The tougher the job is, the better.

64. According to the passage, we can infer that Hernandez may be _________.

    A. a parent of a high school student                    B. a top college consultant

    C. the author of the passage                             D. a high school student

65. The underlined phrase “footing the bill” in Paragraph 1 means ________.

    A. borrowing money                                        B. using up money  

    C. paying off debts                                           D. paying for the tuition (学费)

66. From the advice given by Hernandez, we know that ________.

    A. in the interview, you should keep silent

    B. if you really liked English and hated math, it was a better choice for you to take an extra language class

    C. a good way for a student to get noticed is speaking to a famous professor

    D. the application is not important

67. In the last paragraph, a “real” job refers to ________.

    A. work experience     B. summer camp           C. babysitting          D. going hiking

 

“I've never met a human worth cloning,” says cloning expert Mark Westhusin from his lab at Texas A&M University. “It's a stupid effort.” That's an interesting choice of adjective, coming from a man who has spent millions of dollars trying to clone a 13-year-old dog named Missy. So far, he and his team have not succeeded, though they have cloned two cows and expect to clone a cat soon. They just might succeed in cloning Missy this spring - or perhaps not for another 5 years.

Westhusin’s experience with cloning animals leaves him upset by all this talk of human cloning. In three years of work on the Missy project, using hundreds upon hundreds of dog's eggs, the A&M team has produced only a dozen or so embryos (胚胎) carrying Missy’s DNA. None have survived the transfer to a surrogate (代孕的) mother. The wastage of eggs and the many aborted (夭折) fetuses (胎) may be acceptable when you’re dealing with cats or bulls, he argues, but not with humans. “Cloning is incredibly inefficient, and also dangerous,” he says.

Contrary to some media reports, Missy is not dead. The owner wants a twin to carry on Missy’s fine qualities (good natured, supersmart etc.) after she does die.  In a statement of purpose, Missy’s owner and the A&M team say they are “both looking forward to studying the ways that her clones differ from Missy.”

Westhusin is cautious(谨慎的)  about his work. He knows that even if he gets a dog pregnant, the offspring(后代), should they survive, will face the problems like immature lungs and heart and weight problems~ “Why would you ever want to clone humans,” Westhusin asks, “when we’re not even close to getting it worked out in animals yet?”

68. By “stupid effort” (Line 2, Para. 1), Westhusin means to say that ________.

A. animal cloning is not worth the effort at all

B. animal cloning is absolutely impractical

C. human cloning should be done selectively

D. human cloning is a foolish and dangerous action

69. What does the first paragraph tell us about Westhusin’s dog cloning project?

A. Its success is already in sight.                B. Its result remains uncertain.

C. It can’t escape failing completely.          D. It is progressing smoothly.

70. By cloning Missy, Mark Westhusin hopes to ________.

A. study the possibility of cloning humans

B. search for ways to change its temperament(气质)

C. examine the reproductive system of the dog species

D. find out the differences between Missy and its clones

71. We learn from the passage that animal clones are likely to have ________.

A. a bad temper                                             B. immune deficiency

C. organs of imperfect form and function    D. an abnormal shape

I had an experience some years ago which taught me something about the ways in which people make a bad situation worse by blaming themselves. One January, I had to officiate at(主持) two funerals for two elderly women in my community. Both had died after a long and full life --- “full of years,” as the Bible would say.

At the first home, the son of the deceased woman said to me, “If only I had sent my mother to Florida and gotten her out of this cold and snow, she would be alive today. It’s my fault that she died.” At the second home, the son of the other deceased woman said, “If only I hadn’t insisted on my mother’s going to Florida, she would be alive today. That long airplane ride, the sudden change of climate, was more than she could stand. It’s my fault that she’s dead.”

When things don’t turn out as we would like them to, we tend to think that had we done things differently, the story would have had a happier ending. Priests know that any time there is a death, the survivors will feel guilty. They believe that the opposite course --- keeping Mother at home, postponing the operation---would have turned out better.

There seem to be two elements involved in our readiness to feel guilt. The first is our need to believe that the world makes sense, that there is a cause for every effect and a reason for everything that happens. That leads us to find patterns and connections both where they really exist and where they exist only in our minds.

The second element is the notion that we are the cause of what happens, especially the bad things that happen. The roots of this feeling may lie in our childhood. A baby comes to think that the world exists to meet his needs, and that he makes everything happen in it. He wakes up in the morning and summons(召唤) the rest of the world to its tasks. He cries, and someone comes to attend to him. When he is hungry, people feed him, and when he is wet, people change him. Very often, we do not completely outgrow that infantile(婴儿时期) notion that our wishes cause things to happen.

72. The author had to conduct the two women’s funerals probably because ________.

     A. he wanted to console (安慰) the two families

     B. he was an official from the community

     C. he had great sympathy for the deceased

     D. he was priest(牧师) of the local church

73. People feel guilty for the deaths of their loved ones because ________

  A. they couldn’t find a better way to express their sadness

  B. they believe that they were responsible

  C. they had ignored the natural course of events

  D. they didn’t know things often turn out in the opposite direction

74. In the context of the passage, “... the world makes sense” (Line 2, Para, 4) probably means that ________.

  A. everything in the world is predetermined

  B. the world can be explained in different ways

  C. there’s an explanation for everything in the world

  D. we have to be sensible in order to understand the world

75. People have been made to believe since infancy(婴儿时期) that ________.

  A. everybody is at their command (命令, 要求)

  B. life and death is an unsolved mystery

  C. every story should have a happy ending

D. their wishes are the cause of everything that happens

第II卷 (共45分)

单词拼写

动词填空

单句改错

书面表达

二卷总分

评卷人

 

 

 

 

 

 

第四部分 写作 (共四节,满分45)

第一节  根据中文或首字母提示,写出下列句中所缺单词。(每小题1分,满分5分)

1. Scientists have made great _______________ (突破) so far in cancer research.

2. By _____________ (分析) the parts of the sentence you can learn more about English grammar.

3. A g    ___   person is a person who always wants a lot but gives little..

4. In order to meet my b__________ this term, I’ll have to buy fewer books than expected.

5. In politics Britain has preferred e_________ to revolution, that is to say, gradual development

to sudden violent change.

第二节 选择文本框中的动词,并用其适当形式填空  (每小题1分,满分5分)

stretch,  arrest,  abolish,  hesitate,  type,  struggle

 

1. ------Have you any letters _____________?

------No, thanks.

2. Ever since the Civil War, the South ____________ to find ways to deal with its troubled past.

3. Unfortunately, five days after __________________,  Tan Sitong was killed by the enemy.

4. Our English teacher suggested us ________________our legs after a long time of learning in

  the classroom.

5. The death penalty (死刑) in that country is reported ________________ last year.

第三节 单句改错(每小题1分,满分10分)

下列所给各句均有一处错误.请按下列情况改正:

此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

注意: 不改变原句含义; 每句只删, 加或改一个词.

1. ―Could I ask you something if you are not too busy?

―Yes, of course you could.                                            _________

2. She’s asked to be left lonely but the journalists keep disturbing her with requests for more information about her marriage.                                             _________

3. Most of the books being put out in that publishing house sell well.                _________

4. He came back to make sure if everything was all right.                          _________

5. It is no doubt that we shall be able to do something for you.                     _________

6. His speech resisting the call for reform led to him murdered.                    _________

7. Estuaries are also important because they absorb nutrients and pollutants

  from water coming from inland sources, thus clean our water.                          _________

8. Could man be forbidden to live on land one day, where would he stay then?              _________

9. Several of his friends disagreed to his plan, did they?                       _________

10.There’s something for everyone here and few visitors leave Beijing feeling disappointing.

_________

第四节  书面表达  (共25分)

    请你根据下列表格中的内容以 “Water Conservation” 为题写一篇英语短文,号召同学们节水护水。

Importance

水是大自然赐予的珍贵礼物;

无水则无生命;

Current situation

因工业发展而受污染的水域增多;

人们缺乏节水意识 (举一例);

据报道,20年来缺水国从已上升至100多个。

Future situation

爆发战争;泪水将是地球上的最后一滴水。

Things we can do

做节水表率;  ……。

注意:

  1、短文必须包括以上要点,适当发挥;

  2、词数:100左右;

3、开头已为你写好,不计入总词数。

                       Water Conservation

         Water is of great importance to human beings.                 

                                        

                                        

                                        

                                        

                                        

                                        

                                        

                                        

                                        

                                        

                                         

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